The word malic acid comes from the Latin word malum, which means apple. Malic acid was first isolated from apple juice in 1785, which gives some foods and drinks a pungent taste. If you are a fan of slightly acidic wine, then malic acid is likely to play a big role in your life. Fruits generally contain malic acid, but it is available in large quantities in apples in particular, as 94 – 98% of the acids in apples come from malic acid, and watermelon is also an excellent source for obtaining malic acid, as this acid represents 85 percent. 95% of the total acid content of watermelon. Other fruits rich in this acid include apricots, bananas, blackberries, cherries, kiwis, mangoes, grapes, oranges, peaches, pears, strawberries and nectarines.
1- Malic acid and skin
Malic acid is a common ingredient in many skin care products which include:
- Body moisturizers
- Nail treatments
- Acne and anti-aging products
Malic acid is part of a family of fruit acids called alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) where alpha hydroxy acids stimulate exfoliation by interfering with how your skin cells are connected and as a result dull skin is removed to make room for newer skin and can provide skin care products containing malic acid. Benefits include:
- Moisturizing the skin
- Exfoliating, or removing dead skin cells
- Improve skin smoothness
- Reducing wrinkles
Your body also produces malic acid naturally when converting carbohydrates into energy, but movement would be very difficult without malic acid it would not be surprising that malic acid also had other health benefits, including:
Cleans and rejuvenates the skin
Malic acid in skin care products has the ability to lighten the skin and soften its texture, which is why it is a common ingredient in anti-aging creams.
According to a brain-skin connection study, high stress can exacerbate skin conditions like eczema, acne, and premature aging and while wine can help reduce stress, external use of malic acid may be a healthier application.
Balances the skin’s pH and hydration
Malic acid is also moisturizing and helps retain moisture to help your skin stay hydrated.A 2014 study used malic acid, glucose, and a chemical compound in aloe vera as indicators of fresh gel used to hydrate skin.Another small study also saw improvements in scales from old wounds after applying an ointment made with malic acid. And petroleum jelly according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Malic acid is often used as an ingredient in cosmetics to balance pH levels.According to Bartek, the manufacturer that makes cosmetics and food chemicals, malic acid is more balanced than other fruit acids and has a better buffer capacity than other alpha hydroxy acids such as citric acid and lactic acid.
Having better storage capacity in your skin means that you can use more malic acid without disturbing your skin’s acid-base balance, or pH levels. If your skin’s pH level is unbalanced, your skin’s protective barrier may be unstable and more prone to dryness or acne.
Anti-aging and lightening the scar
Alpha hydroxy acids boost skin cell turnover This means that your skin cells regenerate more quickly, which results in:
- Less number of fine lines and wrinkles
- More skin tone
- Smoother skin texture
- Reducing defects
“Malic acid in higher concentrations can also penetrate into lower levels of the skin to create new collagen formation,” says dermatologist Dr. Annie Chiu, director of the Derm Institute in California. “Collagen is a protein that helps build and repair cells, supports the skin and elasticity of other body tissues and prevents them from sagging. Collagen production as you age, which is why the skin loses its elasticity and firmness as you age.
Using products containing malic acid might increase collagen production and reduce signs of aging.
Whether in lotion, cleanser, or a mild exfoliating agent, malic acid can help remove dead cell buildup.This is great for acne-prone skin because when skin pores are clogged with too many dead skin cells and the natural skin oil (sebum), heads can form. Blackheads and bacterial infections can also develop and cause acne.
Dr Qiu says: Malic acid breaks down the bond that binds dead skin cells together on the outer layer of the skin and when these dead skin cells are washed away your skin looks less dull and when your pores are not clogged, it helps reduce the formation of acne bumps and the discolouration that often. Associated with acne.
While it looks like a miracle cure Dr. Qiu recommends sticking to low doses of malic acid, over-the-counter skin care products will contain the malic acid you need to fight pimples or sagging and higher doses like nutritional supplements should only be taken if your doctor recommends it.
Skin side effects of malic acid
Although malic acid is less irritating to the skin than other alpha hydroxy acids, it must be used with caution and malic acid can cause your skin to turn red, itchy or burning, especially around the eyes.
You may want to test the reaction of this acid with your skin and for this test wipe a small amount of the product on your wrist or behind your ear and then wait 24 hours to see how your skin reacts. If your skin starts to burn, wash the product immediately and seek medical attention if the inflammation does not go away after washing. Also, it is dangerous to inhale malic acid.
2- Malic acid and muscle pain
Fibromyalgia is a complex disorder that causes pain and fatigue in the muscles.Some research indicates that people with fibromyalgia also have difficulty producing malic acid, while there is little supporting evidence.Two studies assessed whether a combination of doses was High in malic acid and magnesium helped reduce muscle pain and one study was inconclusive but indicated that the combination may be beneficial in high doses over a long period of time.
In the other study, subjects who took malic acid and magnesium reported a significant improvement within 48 hours of starting treatment and this was continued for the full eight weeks of the study.After eight weeks of the active treatment dose, some participants were given a placebo instead, and subjects who took the placebo reported more frequently. Muscle pain within 48 hours.
Unless your doctor recommends malic acid supplementation, you should get the malic acid your body needs from a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables.
3- Malic acid and hair
Malic acid plays a great role in promoting the health of the hair and gives it a healthy glowing appearance, as this acid works to neutralize the acidity levels in the hair follicles and eliminates suspended sediments and dirt, and it also contributes to protecting the hair from falling and drying, and to use this acid for hair can resort to vinegar Apples, which are diluted by adding an equal amount of water to it, then rinse the hair with it and leave it for a quarter of an hour and then wash it with shampoo as usual, and repeat using it 2-3 times a week to obtain the benefits of the malic acid present in apple cider vinegar, and apple cider vinegar has benefits Another great for hair health, as it contributes to repairing damaged hair and nourishes hair and scalp.In the previous recipe consisting of vinegar and water, we can add a few drops of an essential oil to relieve the strong smell of vinegar, and there is another recipe for using apple cider vinegar for hair, take a cup of water and put it in a pot over the fire with the addition of a few leaves of rosemary, and when it boils, remove it from The fire and leave the rosemary leaves soaked in it for two hours, and when it cools, put it in a bottle and add a liter of apple cider vinegar to it and shake the bottle well until the ingredients are completely mixed, and then we take an appropriate amount of the mixture and put it in a spray bottle, to use it to spray the hair and scalp with a gentle massage. We wait for an hour, then the hair can be washed with lukewarm water, and we repeat this method constantly to improve hair health.
4- Malic acid and oral health
Studies have indicated that malic acid plays an effective role in treating dry mouth, due to its ability to stimulate the production of saliva, which contributes to the elimination of harmful mouth bacteria, and therefore this acid is included in many types of mouthwashes and toothpastes, besides its ability to fight bacteria, it works Also on teeth whitening and removing stains in the teeth, and one of the natural methods of teeth whitening can be resorted to by using strawberries that contain good amounts of malic acid, by mashing a few strawberries and adding half a spoonful of baking soda to them, then putting the mixture on Brush your teeth and brush your teeth, and repeat this once every 2-3 months to avoid tooth erosion that occurs due to the large consumption of malic acid, as all acids do
5- Malic acid and improve liver health
This acid binds to toxic metals that are stored in the liver and works to suppress their activity, and this acid is also known for its ability to fight gallstones, and it facilitates their exit through the urine, which helps to clean and purify the liver, and when the gallstones are eliminated, the secretion of bile improves, and thus decreases The level of cholesterol in the blood and reduced liver fat, which contributes to the prevention of fatty liver disease.
6- Malic acid and promote health of pregnant women
Studies have indicated that malic acid, which is found in many types of fruits and vegetables, contributes to improving the body’s absorption of iron, and there is no doubt that iron is one of the most important elements necessary for a pregnant woman, and a deficiency in iron causes several problems for a pregnant woman, as it may put her at risk of premature labor.
7. Malic acid, diabetes and blood cholesterol management
This acid has been shown to improve levels of type 2 diabetes, reduce bad cholesterol levels in the blood and increase levels of good cholesterol, and so it is one of the essential nutrients that the human body needs to protect it from the risks of diabetes and high cholesterol and what is associated with them.
8- Malic acid and improve digestion
Studies indicated that consuming malic acid improves the ability to digest. These studies have been conducted on cows and there is no evidence of their effect on human digestion yet.
9- Malic acid and gout treatment
Treatment of gout Despite a lack of studies in this regard, some important research has indicated that malic acid can fight gout, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties and its role in lowering uric acid levels.