Arabian horses are one of the oldest known breeds. It is believed to be the first breed of domesticated horse and has been distinguished for its existence more than 5,000 years ago. Originally bred in the Middle East, the Arabian horse is now found worldwide and is considered the oldest thoroughbred horse in the world today. Many “modern” breeds today have some traits of the Arabian horse at some point in the evolution of their ancestors.
Below are some fascinating facts about the Arabian horse so that you can get a greater knowledge of this purebred breed.
Facts about the Arabian horse
1 – Stamina
Bedouin tribes originated in Arabia and dated back to before 3000 BC. Arabs used their horses for travel and warfare due to their physical endurance. The Arabian horse has great lung capacity and great strength, which gives it the ability to travel long distances in desert conditions without much difficulty.
2 – They all have the same physical characteristics
Arabian horses always have black skin underneath the hair. The only exception to this dermatological trait is when there is white hair as part of her hair. It is believed that the color of this skin is a way for a horse to be protected from the hot desert sun that is found in the Middle East.
3 – The colors of the Arabian horse
Chestnut is the most popular hair color for the Arabian Horse breed. Other color variations include black, gray and tan. Some of them may be between pale and dark blonde but this hair color may not be recognized as part of the standard breed traits and could prevent the horse from scoring.
4 – The skeleton is different from any other horse
Today horses have skeletons of 18 pairs of ribs and 6 vertebrae. While the hull of the Arabian horse is less by one vertebra and less by two ribs. However, this did not affect his overall height or stature compared to other horses, however the average height of an Arabian horse is at least 57 to 61 inches and weighs between 850 to 1,000 pounds.
5 – The Arabian horse was given the title “drinker of the wind”
This title was due to the great speed, strength and endurance. During the last days of the Egyptian Empire, these horses were often used to pull chariots. And sometimes it has even been used for racing in addition to the benefits of having an Arabian horse everywhere to meet transportation needs.
6 – There are special races for Arabian horse breeds
Arabian horse racing events of certain breeds have been in the United States since 1959. The average race for Arabs is 6 furlongs (one measuring race distances and equals 220 yards or eight of a mile) and the largest event of the year is the Arabian Horse Cup.
7 – Every year, more than 500 Arabian horse shows are held
In the United States, more than 500 Arabian horse shows and events are held annually. These events are organized by the Equestrian Federation of the United States, and there are many different competitions available for the Arabian breed.
8- Arabian horses have many genetic concerns as a breed
There are 7 specific genetic disorders that usually affect this breed of horse, which is more than average for modern horse breeds today. This includes cerebellar atrophy, purple foal syndrome, epilepsy , and wobble syndrome. Some immune system disorders are also common in this breed, as are some physical abnormalities.
9 – Arabian horses are one of the few horse breeds that can dance
Dancing may be a very strong term, considering the techniques used for dancing are more like dressage techniques. Nevertheless, the tradition of Arabian horse dancing dates back more than a century, and is often included as an informal part of performances around the world.
10 – mentioned in mythology
Arabian horses are a staple of many ancient myths.
11 – The lineage of many Arabian horses can be traced back for hundreds of years
For the nomadic tribes, the origins of each horse are traced through oral traditions. Hybrid horses with “impure” blood were banned, so very few genes were preserved, helping to increase the strength of the Arab blood streak while providing the basic genetics for several other breeds of horses.
12 – Arabian horses were introduced to Europe due to the war
It is believed that the earliest horses with Arab genetics came to Europe when armies from Europe invaded Palestine, this was during the years of the Crusades, as the victorious knights often return home with Arabian horses as part of their victory. When other horse breeds were developed, the Arabian horse became the primary horse used in cavalry teams.
13- The Arabian horses in Europe came from one unsuccessful attack
In 1522, the Ottoman Empire sent more than 300,000 mounted soldiers to northern Europe. The goal was to conquer Hungary and the surrounding region. The Hungarians, joined by the Polish armies, defeated the Ottoman advance in 1529 near Vienna and seized the majority of the horses brought in in the process. Many of these horses became the main parents of the major racehorses in Europe now.
14 – A single breeding process had a profound effect on the Arabian breed
The Crabbit Stud was one of the most influential breeding farms in all of Europe. It was started in 1877, and many trips were made to the Middle East so that the best Arabian horses could be brought to England for breeding. And for nearly 100 years, this program has bred and exported world-class horses around the world, having a huge positive impact on the breed.
The only thing that stopped Crabbit Park was highway construction through the property that it was forced to sell. This is what led to the dispersal of the horses and the end of the program, which can be said to be the reason for what the Arab breed has reached in the modern era and what it is today.
15 – In the early twentieth century, the Arabian dynasty was almost destroyed
The Russian Revolution stopped almost all breeding programs for Arabian horses, and World War I stopped most breeding programs as well. In Europe it was believed that there were only 17 Thoroughbred Arabian horses that had survived by 1932 that were documented in the notebooks. More thoroughbreds were lost or died in the aftermath of World War II. There were only three educational programs.
16 – The end of the Cold War brought a revival of the Arabian horse breed
Arabian horses were a rarity in the Americas until 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed. Those that were in the Americas were often horses of half or a quarter of the breed. A few pure Arabian horses were highly valued, and in the 1990s breeding programs began in the West and this interest led to the formation of the World Arabian Horse Association at the time of the formation of the European Union. Today Arabian horses can be traded all over the world.
17 – George Washington, his half Arab horse in the Revolutionary War
One of General George Washington’s horses was named Bliskin. He was a half Arab who is believed to have been born from an Arabian horse, a stallion that was owned by the Sultan of Morocco. There is a long tradition of owning Arabian horses among Presidents of the United States. Martin Van Buren received two Arabian horses in 1840 as a gift, and Ulysses Grant gave him an Arabian horse.
18 – All Arabian horses in the Americans were lost after the Civil War
There was a concrete effort to breed Arabian horses in the United States in the mid-eighteenth century. Ken Richard was known to specifically breed and breed Arabian horses, but all of his horses were lost during the Civil War. He was also suspected of crossbreeding Arabian and other purebred horses, of whom there are no known pure descendants.
The Arabian horse remains one of the most distinguished horse breeds in the world today. These facts about the Arabian horse show that even if it is an ancient breed it still has the ability to influence the modern world in many ways.