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Greenland Island – the largest island in the world

The island is the region surrounded by water from all sides, and there are many islands in the world that differ in terms of location and area, some islands have turned into tourist areas in the first class frequented by many tourists, such as Greenland, which is the largest island in the world in terms of area.


Greenland Island

Greenland is the largest island in the world, but its large area does not mean the presence of a lot of inhabitants, it is one of the least densely populated areas of the world, meaning Green Lan is “green land”, and it is the largest national park in the world.

Greenland is 9 times the area of ​​the United Kingdom, and it is the largest island in the world. This island is characterized by its frozen white cover. Around half of this island is permanently covered with ice, and although it is large, the population does not exceed 56 thousand people. A third of its population is in its capital, Nuuk.

The island of Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, and this island has been self-governing since 1979. The Greenland Parliament controls the internal affairs of Greenland, and international matters are governed by the Danish Parliament.

In terms of economy, Greenland depends on fishing, which constitutes 95 percent of exports, as it contains a large marine wealth, and most of its inhabitants depend mainly on fishing, and the Danish government grants Greenland every year an annual grant of $ 600 million.

Greenland is home to the largest deposits of precious and rare earth minerals in the world, such as praseodnion and others, which are used in the manufacture of electric cars, phones and computers.

The climate of Greenland Island is very cold and all, except that it has a large number of hot springs, and the island only passes two seasons a year, and we can say that it is only one season because the winter is very long and the summer is very short.

Snow covers about 80 percent of the land, and glaciers represent about 10 percent of the land area, and this area is a wonderful environment for the reproduction of animals such as polar bears, rabbits and arctic foxes.

Greenland has the largest national park in the world, with an area of ​​972,000 square kilometers, which means that this park is larger than the area of ​​163 countries in the world.

The inhabitants of Greenland Island are among the first in the world in terms of not having illiteracy, as its 100% inhabitants know how to write and read.

Information about the largest island in the world

The national currency on the island of Greenland is in the Danish currency (the krone). The Danish state carries out exploration for gas and oil, and the extraction of rare minerals available in larger quantities than the rest of the world, and mining operations there started in 2007,

Greenland belongs geographically to the American continent and is part of it, but historically it belongs to the continent of Europe and is associated with northern European countries and with a special suspicion with Norway, and it is not more than 16 kilometers from Canada.

The green land is what the island is defined in the Danish language, and in fact it is not green and this is due to the fact that most of its area is covered with snow, but in the Greenlandic language it is called the land of the people.

On this island, we see a lot of terrain, such as mountain ranges and valleys between steep icebergs, and it is a great place for trips and tours, and you can do many activities on it such as hiking, climbing mountains and visiting thousands of small islands.

The climate and temperatures on Greenland are very harsh, with temperatures ranging from 10 degrees Celsius to minus 10 degrees Celsius on average.

The right time to visit the island is from May to July, especially for activities such as sailing and enjoying watching whales in the seas near the island, while in the period from September to March, visitors and residents of the island can enjoy watching the phenomenon of the Northern Lights and see the splendor of the mixture of colors in the sky in a way Clear.

One of the most famous places that you can visit on Greenland Island throughout the year is the Luli Sat Strait, which is considered the most famous fjords in the world. This strait is a long and narrow entrance located between high slopes and is formed from the separation of icebergs that float above the water, and is considered one of the sites World heritage according to UNESCO.

Seafood has dominated Greenlandic cuisine, as fishing has been the main activity of the country since ancient times, but seafood there is not limited to fish, but rather varies from the meat of whales and seals, in addition to eating sea birds such as seagulls and ducks. It weighs 400 kg.

Historical information on Greenland


In the prehistoric period, Greenland was home to several groups, and the oldest among them were the Eskimo groups, and this was in the year 2500 BC, and these groups settled south and west of Greenland Island.

In 986 BC, the Norwegians and Icelanders settled in the western coast and formed several settlements in the fjords in the far south, and divided the island with the inhabitants who occupied the northern and western parts.

The city of Nuuk is the largest cultural and economic center on Greenland and houses the seat of government.

Highlights of the city include the University of Greenland, the National Museum, the Museum of Art, and the National Library.

In the year 1380 AD, Greenland came under the rule of Denmark, thus Denmark became a permanent ally of Greenland.

Greenland is a land of riches

Greenland is the largest island in the world and the smallest in terms of population density, with an area of ​​2.2 square kilometers, while its population is only 57 thousand people, by simple comparison, its area is more than twice the size of Egypt, which is inhabited by more than 100 million people, the island enjoys self-rule in light Danish sovereignty, as it has a government and parliament.

Denmark contributes two-thirds of the Greenland budget, while the remaining portion is supplemented by fishing activity.

Snow covers about 80 percent of its area, and although the melting of the ice sheets in Greenland represents a global problem, but it represents an opportunity for the investor to gain access to wealth, as the melting of the glacier that has already started is expected that the vast quantities of minerals and energy resources present on Greenland Island will become easy to extract, as The US government estimates that the Arctic contains 22 percent of the world’s natural gas and oil.

In addition, Greenland contains iron ore, zinc, lead, diamond, gold, copper, and uranium, and it is not only wealth that drives the American president’s desire to buy Greenland, as the island occupies a strategic location that can be used for military purposes, as it is less than 1,600 kilometers from the North Pole. The United States already has a military presence there, represented by the Thule Air Force Base, which is an Air Force facility built in 1943 that provides missile launches and space monitoring.

Greenland is the white land

Greenland means in Arabic (green land), but in fact the island has nothing to do with this name, and this fact takes us to the natural geography of the island and the secret behind the choice of (Eric al-Ahmar), the discoverer of the island, for the name Green Land.

It is interesting that Iceland, which is called the land of ice, covers only 11 percent of it, while the island of Greenland covers 81 percent of its land area, meaning that the ice covers 1 million 710 thousand square kilometers, which in some areas reaches 3 thickness. Kilometers, the amount of this ice is estimated at 2 million 656 cubic kilometers, which means that Greenland has on its territory the equivalent of 6.7 percent of the total fresh water on the surface of the earth.

One of the strange things about the island of Greenland is that there is a part in the middle of its lands, which is a giant lake, this lake reaches an area of ​​about 250 thousand square kilometers, which means that it is considered the second largest lake in the world, and this lake is part of the Great Greenland canyon that extends for a distance 750 kilometers in the heart of the island, which is the longest canyon on the surface of the Earth, and by comparison we see that the Great Canyon in the United States of America extends for a distance of 446 kilometers, and it is surprising that this large groove in the giant lake is completely under the ice.

In the south of Greenland are the remains of the colonies of Eric the Red, the discoverer of the island, and here we will be able to answer the important question, when the island is covered with ice and its color is white and the climate is at its end cold, why was it called Greenland the green land, when Eric the Red discovered the island for the first time he needed Until he encourages people to come to the island, and if he describes it as an ice and freezing cold tighter than Iceland, no one will come to it, and from here Eric decided to call it Greenland, we can say the name Greenland was a phrase A marketing trick, nothing more, and to this day it still deceives people who have never seen Greenland before, but despite that, a number of studies

Modern suggested that the lands of the island witnessed great climatic changes over the years and in the period from the ninth century to the end of the twelfth century AD, the temperatures were relatively moderate and higher than the normal rates at this time, and this helped the growth of trees and herbaceous plants, that some areas of the island part The southern, in particular, was furnished with vegetables, and this helped Eric, the explorer of the island, choose the name and tighten his plan of propaganda and inviting new settlers.

Animals that live on Greenland

In the northeast of Greenland is one of the largest national parks in the world with an area of ​​972 thousand square kilometers, and this national park includes many animals such as, arctic foxes, snow owls, musk ox, northern crows, white-headed geese, as well as polar rabbits, and whales. Beluga, Greenland wolves, reindeer and polar bears, which are the national symbol of the country.

Sports on the island of Greenland

Greenland hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup Ground, also participated in the Island Games, and also participated in the Arctic Winter Games.

Greenland was ranked 22nd out of a total of 24 teams that participated in the men’s handball world championship in Germany in 2007 from January.

The most popular sport on Greenland is the national sport of football, but due to cold climatic conditions, matches cannot be held due to the inability to support the stadium grounds with grass, and the national stadium is Knock Stadium in the island’s capital Knock, and the Greenland Football Association, He is not a member of FIFA, but a member of a union council of FIFA for sub-national football that represents countries that do not have FIFA membership.


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