With hydroponic methods, any plant, flower, vegetable or even a fruit tree can be grown. As previously explained, hydroponics replaces the nutrients generally found in agricultural soil with mineral salts dissolved in water that provide all the requirements for its healthy growth.
The important thing in deciding what to grow is the time taken to develop and the light, humidity and temperature requirements that each species needs. For the aforementioned reason, fruit trees and slow-growing plants are not suitable for growing hydroponically, as they become very expensive in terms of both the use of nutrient solutions and long-term care.
How to apply the hydroponic technique
Hydroponics, unaffected by the weather and less likely to be exposed to pests, is a popular growing method with many advantages. Of course, some vegetables and fruits can be grown hydroponically. Hydroponics is recommended because it can be enjoyed as it does not require much space.
Hydroponics or soilless farming has the advantage that even beginners can easily get started with it. There is no problem in choosing the location, whether the house, the garden or the balcony. But keep in mind that there are some points that differ from soil farming (traditional farming).
- Insects do not carry pollen and must be hand-pollinated.
- Be careful with concentrating liquid fertilizer as it can cause root rot.
- Always flush fresh water that contains a lot of oxygen.
- Plenty of sunlight and fluorescent light .
Regarding the start of planting, if you are new to work, it is preferable to start with ready-made seedlings rather than seeds, because seeds often require special care, and the planting may not succeed for you.
If you want to buy sturdy saplings, you should check the following points:
- The leaves are dark green.
- The stem is thick and the root is strong.
In particular, the stronger the roots, the better the fruit trees will grow.
About the planting group
When you start hydroponics, you need to prepare the tools. If you find it difficult to get them one by one, use a hydroponic kit. The hydroponic kit is sold in stores that specialize in hydroponics.
What types and varieties can be cultivated with hydroponic techniques?
Taking into account climatic and economic factors, the following types of hydroponics are recommended:
Vegetable and leafy crops:
- Lettuce in all its varieties.
- Tomatoes of all kinds.
- the strawberry.
- the Garlic.
- The plants are aromatic.
Ornamental plants such as:
- Orchid .
- log in.
Where can we grow our crops using hydroponic techniques?
- In greenhouses.
- on the roof.
- In the yard of the house.
- In public parks.
- In urban parks.
- On the stands.
- In the garden of the house.
- On the balconies.
Can growing fruit trees with hydroponic technology?
Some fruit tree seeds can thrive under hydroponic conditions; Among them are avocados, peaches, figs, lemons, apples, tangerines, and oranges.
To germinate the seeds of these trees by hydroponics, a growth medium that allows for an equitable distribution of air and water is needed, i.e. a well-drained substrate helps generate rapid root growth; It is also required to obtain seeds that easily adapt to the climatic conditions of the place in order to be able to grow properly; Containers and nearby water supply are also needed to keep the crop moist.
- Apply hydroponics technology at home with simple tools
- Hydroponics at home
The first step:
It consists in obtaining the materials mentioned above, in the case of containers that can be recycled, for example bottles, flower pots or trays; It should be noted that before using any container, it is important to disinfect it well with a little chlorine and water, to prevent contamination of the seeds.
The second step:
After that, a layer of pre-moistened substrate is placed inside the containers, and it is recommended not to tighten too tightly so that the roots of the seedlings breathe. If using large containers, a few pebbles or stones can be placed at the bottom to improve drainage.
The third step:
It is the introduction of the seeds into the substrate, and the amount of these seeds will depend on the variety or type of tree, two to three can be placed in each container, and they must be watered later with spray to prevent them from leaving the substrate.
The container is then placed in a warm place to help the seeds germinate faster, and when the first leaves begin to germinate, the container should be placed in a location that receives at least 8 hours of sunlight per day. Germination also depends on the type of tree, as some seeds can germinate in the first 15 days and others after 6 months.
It is extremely important to water the seedlings regularly to prevent the roots from losing nutrients and dying. When the seedlings already contain two true leaves (the second pair of leaves) they can be transplanted into a larger pot until the tree begins to ripen; Finally, when it has reached a height of about 30 cm, it must be planted in its final place.
Growing water fruit trees at home
When you think of home water gardens, you probably think of lettuce, tomatoes, paprika, spinach and maybe even some strawberries. But how about growing citrus fruits, apples, pears and other fruits from fruit trees and in your home as well?
Yes, with some modifications to your hydroponic setting, you will be able to grow trees in your garden effectively.
For starters, your water garden should emulate all of the things a tree would need if you planted it in your garden. You need high temperatures and lots of light. Therefore, you will have to bring LED grow lights, high pressure sodium lights, or metal iodide bulbs for your preparation. These are not negotiable with trees.
Steps to grow fruit trees at home
The first step:
Deciding whether to buy a tree from your local nursery or grow your own seed. If you decide to start with the seed, soak it in a napkin for a few days to soften the outer layer. You need to remove or fold the outer seed coat to help the tree germinate.
Keep in mind that if you decide to start planting from the seed, you may have to wait a while before you finally get the fruits on the tree. Most species take three to five years to mature. Buying a tree from your local nursery is a good option if you want healthy seedlings that are closer to the fruit.
Regardless of the source you choose, it is a good idea to consider using the dwarf species as a smaller tree to ensure there is enough space in your growth room.
The second step:
Now that you have your tree, it is time to plant. Remember that the size of the container used will determine the final size of your tree. You should start with a container of at least five liters. However, over time, you may want to choose larger and larger containers to ensure your tree grows to its fullest potential while remaining within its growing area.
Although your tree may not grow the same size outside your garden, it does bear normal-sized fruits and is likely to produce crops of normal size.
The third step:
After choosing your container, fill it with perlite, rice husk, or vermiculite and include the tube you will need to evacuate the nutrient solution from the bottom. Some find using a drip irrigation system that has about three emitters per tree helpful, while others prefer the flood and drainage method to prevent algae growth.
Regardless of the method, the most important thing is to prevent the rootstock from drying out, as this can damage or kill the tree. Some people prefer a root bag or liquid canister, but this is an optional step depending on how your system is configured.
When putting your tree into your new routine, it doesn’t matter if you started from seed or bought a ready-made seedling, just be very careful with the tree’s roots. Healthy roots lead to better tree growth.
The fourth step:
Initially, your nutritional solution should be medium; But, as the tree grows and gets stronger, you must start using a whole food solution. You should also find out what is the ideal pH range for your tree while monitoring system levels. Very high or low pH levels can be harmful to your tree.
On the same topic, learn about other specific needs of the tree species you plant. For example, some trees require a cool period to bear fruit the following year. Also find out if your tree has any specific dietary needs.
If you find that your system is not working for your tree, feel free to tweak it further especially as you go to the next step.
If you are thinking of choosing a delicious cherry or making an apple pie and preparing it with hydroponics, our article for the day provided you with all the information you need, it might be time to explore the exciting tree-planting area.
Have fun learning about the different types of trees you can plant and how to add tree to your current system.
Can citrus trees be grown with hydroponic technology?
The Spanish group Grupo Projar has achieved a model for its Fruitponic System, which was developed with the Valencia Institute of Agricultural Research – IVIA-, which conveys the advantages of growing aquatic vegetables to growing fruit trees.
Nectarine cultivation system: It is a system that includes growth bags with a special substrate towards which the roots of fruit trees are directed and allow them to improve their growth in conditions of water scarcity or low soil fertility. The system adapts to the growth of the roots, and in the case of eliminating the cysts the tree does not suffer because it does not depend on this substrate.
The advantages of this system, which has already been tested in persimmon (persimmon) , nectarine and citrus crops , are to reduce irrigation needs by 30% and increase the average weight of fruits by 5%. This means an increase in the economic value of the fruit between 10 and 30%.
According to Alejandra Pintos, Marketing Director at Grupo Projar, “This solution is identified for major fruit producers who are facing problems of water shortage, poor land production or heterogeneity in fruit tree development due to soil conditions. It allows the roots to develop in an ideal growing medium, facilitating the absorption of water and nutrients, as well as allowing for the highest production. ”
Growing mulberry trees using hydroponic technology
Besides this innovation, Grupo Projar has presented its solutions for growing berries which allow them to be introduced in Morocco and Mexico in a wonderful way. Projar specializes in hydroponic solutions for growing blueberries.
Another product launched by Projar is the so-called Golden Grow Hydroponic, which aims to grow horticultural products. This product uses Projar’s manufactured coconut fiber to increase horticultural crop production. It also provides greater uniformity in crops.
The Easyplanter is another Projar product: Individual Hydroponic Bags for Tomatoes, Peppers, Zucchini, Eggplant or Strawberries, the feature is to isolate the plant individually so that it picks up the necessary nutrients and does not spread disease.
Also read: How can hydroponics products be marketed in the commercial market?