Mite is a microscopic insect that is invisible to the naked eye, about 0.2 to 0.5 mm long, Arthropods (It has an external joint skeleton. Moths are found everywhere, even in the cleanest homes.
They have a relatively short lifespan of two to three months, and in order to maintain the survival of their species, they multiply rapidly when conditions are favourable for reproduction, such as a humidity level of 60 to 80%, and a stable temperature of between 26 and 32 degrees Celsius, where the female lays 20 to 80 eggs.
What does the moth feed on?
We can distinguish between insects that feed on the skin or blood of animals, causing damage and skin diseases, and predators that feed on microorganisms or small arthropods.
They also feed on organic waste left by other plants and animals, such as dead skin cells, nail and hair residues, and pet dander. In addition, there are species that feed on plants, vegetables and fungi.
Species of moths
There are about 40,000 different species of moths, some of which are:
They only multiply in hives and cause a lot of disorders and breakdown of these cells, affecting their breeding. It is a dangerous, devastating and deadly scourge of honeybees.
Scabies are two types:
A species that affects humans and other mammals:
Causes skin cell ulcers. This is because this insect digs tunnels into the outer layers of the tissue, feeding and laying its eggs, preventing wounds from healing well. The disease can be transmitted from one organism to another as soon as it comes into contact with its skin.
Another type that affects crops:
There are about 30 species of edible plants, from vine to pistachio. They can be identified by the black dots (necrosis) that they leave along the veins of the leaves.
It is a species that intruding on different forms of Mammals (Cattle, dogs and cats) can intrude on humans, which is actually a form of large parasitic moth insect. Carrier for deadly diseases, such as typhus or certain forms of neuropathy once bitten by it.
Also known as chicken mite. This blood-sucking insect intrudes birds, especially poultry, and can sometimes multiply to the point that animals that absorb their blood become anaemic.
They are commonly found in chickens, turkeys and animals that are raised in large numbers, as they can be transmitted from one animal to another and maintain infection.
Species of mites that are a form of moth insect
It is another form of moth, which usually appears in cabinets, feeding on flour, pasta and other forms of vegetables used in cooking, or on fungi that are able to originate from them. It causes allergies in people.
These moths usually attack long-stored cheeses. It is observed on a fine grey line, where live mites, eggs and feces are found. Contact with these mites can lead to cases Dermatitis In man.
This plant moth infects fruit trees and is a typical summer pest. They are usually in an egg-shaped coma and appear in spring on the lower face of the leaves, which tend to dry and fall as a result.
It is spread in forest lands, prairies or any ecosystem that provides it with biodegradable organic matter. They are thus a vital part of the substance transformation cycle and form the lowest link in the food chain.
They feed on fungi that grow on the glue used to combine books.
It is a stable species that does not migrate.
Moths that infect crops
A pest that affects cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli crops.
Plague affects some crops such as tomatoes.
It is a small butterfly that attacks potatoes, as well as other cultivated plants such as tobacco, eggplant and pepper.
It infects banana fields.
An important pest affecting pine plantations.
It causes serious damage to the buds and fruits of the peach tree, and can also attack the quince, almond trees and even apples and cherries.
An insect attacking rice plantations.
attacking the cotton crop.
The most dangerous species of moth
Some of the most dangerous insects of moths are:
Dust mites live in homes on bed sheets, pillows, blankets, wool, carpets, furniture and toys. They are constantly moving and can migrate depending on the places most suitable for them.
One gram of dust contains about 2,000 moths, with a bed count of 1.5 million.
Why can a dust mite be dangerous?
Dust mites are very harmful due toThe small wastes it releases in large quantities, as well as the fact that its decomposition after death produces very fine dust, can be very irritating to the wind, often causing 50% of allergic reactions.
Either respiratory type, which can lead to asthma attacks, permanent allergic rhinitis in particular, or skin type such as redness and itching.
Symptoms of dust mite allergy:
The symptoms of dust mite allergy can be confused with influenza. But the difference is reflected in the allergic reaction of the moth, through repeated sneezing, runny nose or blockage, itching of the eyes or throat, and extreme fatigue.
So these symptoms are similar to those of influenza or colds. That's why many people are allergic to moths without knowing it.
Control of dust mites using sodium bicarbonate:
Sodium bicarbonate is ideal, as it fights moths effectively, for the following reasons:
- It is extremely effective against moths, whether used as a powder or as a spray with water. For example, 20 grams of fine sodium bicarbonate powder is enough for each square metre of surface to destroy all dust mites in less than two hours.
- It's not toxic and safe, and this is where the great opportunity for sodium bicarbonate to fight the moth.
- If sodium bicarbonate comes into contact with one of our mucous membranes (eye, mouth, lungs, etc.) it dissolves immediately without irritating or harming.
Practical tips to reduce the spread of moths, especially dust mites
It is not possible to remove the moth completely from the house, reducing its number is an important and necessary step. To achieve this, it is recommended to follow the following procedures:
- The room is ventilated daily for 30 minutes especially in dry and cold weather.
- Use of mattresses and pillows, sponge if possible, mainly because they are easy to wash and replace.
- The use of special covers, preventing the influence of moth stowaws to pillows, quilts and brushes.
- Wash pillows, quilts or blankets, regularly once a month. At 60°C if possible, let it dry well under the sun.
- Choose light curtains that are easy to wash quickly (exterior blinds without interior curtains are a good alternative).
- Clean the house and carpet frequently with a vacuum cleaner with the window open once or twice a week.
- Wipe all the floor surfaces, under carpets once a week, the warm space between the carpet and the floor is a good place for moths to live.
- Clear dust once a week with a damp cloth or a new microfiber cloth, which is extremely effective in reducing the dust hanging in the air of the house.
It is also recommended:
- Avoid buying furry pets.
- Store washed and dried potatoes in cold temperatures.
- Store grains, flour and tomatoes that take time to consume dry at a cold temperature.
- Keep the clothes clean and stain-free.
- Store clothes in sealed plastic bags or drawers.
- The use of chemical anti-mites is also a very effective method when it comes to taking care of clothes from season to season.
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Ideally, you should follow the above tips as much as possible and reduce the carpeted space in the house where vinyl, linoleum, tile or parquet covers are healthy options.