We are used to that China always amazes the world with its capabilities and huge and magnificent buildings too, China already has the largest dam and the largest trans-ocean bridge, and an extensive network of high-speed railways, and this country has proven this once again by building the largest airport in the world, in the city of ( Beijing), the airport named Daxing, and this new airport is located on the border between Beijing and Langfang in Hebei Prefecture.
In mid-summer of 2019, China completed the construction of this airport, which was inaugurated on September 30, 2019, with an area of 1 million square meters, and in this article we will get to know everything about the new Daxing International Airport.
Why did China build Beijing Daxing International Airport?
This airport was built specifically to cushion the increasing air traffic in the Chinese capital, and this airport is expected to accommodate 72 million passengers by 2025, and the airport takes the shape of a phoenix, and it is designed by the famous Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid .
The idea of building a new large airport is due to the need to prosper the country’s economy, increase the number of travelers, as well as increase the population of Beijing, today more than 21 million people live in Beijing, the capital.
In 2016, Beijing International Airport reached its maximum capacity, and about 100 million people flocked to it annually, even taking into account the expansion of the airport in 2008, this was not enough, so the idea of building a new airport emerged.
The task was not easy at all, and the new airport was likely to accommodate about 200 million passengers annually, and this would require the creation of up to 10 runways.
A new airport is planned to transport up to 2 million tons of cargo annually, and to provide about 700,000 flights.
Design of Daxing International Airport in the Chinese capital, Beijing
The cornerstone of Daxing Airport was laid in 2014, and construction began six months later, 34 settlements were demolished and relocated for this purpose, and under the airport there is a train station and metro line that allow passengers to reach the city center within 20 minutes.
The surface area of the building is about 180 thousand square meters, which is equivalent to the size of 100 football fields, and the total area of the airport is more than one million square meters, and it is considered the largest single buildings with a steel roof and the widest in the world.
Passengers see the structure of the airport in the form of a huge star with six rays, which allows to move from one area to another using a radial design. In addition, the engineers were interested in the features of Chinese traditional architecture, as all the halls at the airport are interconnected and directed around the center.
The airport has four runways and is expected to receive about 72 million passengers annually, and the airport will operate at full capacity in 2040 with eight runways and the capacity to receive 100 million passengers annually, the cost of this construction is about 70 billion yuan, equivalent to 11.2 billion US dollars.
The architecture of the airport is very impressive and multi-level, as the airport has lounges for domestic and international flights.
The airport is almost completely illuminated by natural light thanks to the wide openings in the roof of the airport and the openings on the walls, the roof of the new Daxing Airport is very huge as it is equipped with photovoltaic panels for additional energy and is also equipped with a rainwater collection system.
Who designed Beijing Daxing International Airport?
Beijing Daxing Airport was designed by the late Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid, who has many works including residential towers and neighborhoods in Slovenia, China and the United States of America, as well as a football stadium in England, and a high-speed train station in Naples. She has completed more than 40 award-winning projects, and Zaha Hadid has personally worked on the construction project of the New Beijing International Airport.
Zaha Hadid did not live until the day of the opening in 2016, but this remarkable work was carried out meticulously according to her project and Beijing Daxing Airport became the largest and most wonderful airport in the world in terms of size and design.
Arrival at Beijing Daxing International Airport
It’s impossible not to brilliantly solved transportation problems, in fact, Beijing authorities were very concerned about the environment in the city, and landing at the old Beijing airport was often difficult due to smog.
Therefore, the new Beijing Daxing International Airport was built 42 kilometers from the center of the capital, Beijing, and to get there, several high-speed rail branches were established, with trains moving at speeds of up to 250 kilometers per hour, and in order to resist earthquakes and earthquakes, it was done. Placing more stations on anti-seismic panels that resist shock and vibration of up to 8 points on the Richter scale.
The journey from the city center to the airport takes only about 20 minutes, and the architecture of the train stations is very impressive, making passengers move from one point to another in just 8 minutes.
Facts about Beijing Daxing International Airport
The construction of the new Beijing Daxing Airport was nearly completed in 2018, and since January 2019 the airport has been in test mode.
The construction costs of Beijing Daxing New Airport amounted to about 13 billion dollars, and for the construction of this giant airport, 16 million cubic meters of concrete and 52 thousand tons of steel were used.
It is expected that about 200 thousand passengers will flock to the airport daily since the start of the actual operation, and the number of passengers will reach about 72 million people annually.
At Beijing Daxing Airport, instead of traditional paper and document checks, an automatic face recognition system is used during check-in and real-time luggage movement monitoring.
The second phase of the trial operation of Daxing International Airport in the Chinese capital, Beijing, began last year and included flight tests in poor visibility conditions, laying a solid foundation for high-level flights and ensuring safe flights after the airport’s official operation.
The commercial use of the largest airport in the world actually began on September 30, 2019, and this day marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, which lasts from year to year, surprising the world with the largest, most effective and technologically advanced projects.
The transport sector in China is expected to surpass its counterpart in the United States of America, to become the largest aviation sector by the mid-twenties of this century, these figures are according to the International Air Transport Association.