The title must have aroused curiosity in your souls, how can an integrated agricultural garden be built vertically (planting on the wall), it is very simple thanks to the great development in the agricultural field, allowing agricultural innovations to help as much as possible in spreading the importance of agriculture and caring for gardens even if It was not its usual shape.
Really, wall gardens are one of those innovations, just by applying simple steps, you can have a distinctive and amazing wall garden in your home. In our article today, we will share with you the most important ways in which to build a huge vertical garden or for decorative purpose, in addition to the most important benefits that we derive from it.
What is a vertical wall garden?
Vertical gardening is a technique used to grow plants in a vertically suspended panel using the hydroponic technique. These unique structures can be free standing or wall attached. Vertical gardens have been used since ancient civilizations. Many modern vertical gardens can last for years and add a touch of nature to today’s business.
Wall gardens are a great alternative to growing plants easily and anywhere compared to those grown in the traditional way that need specific pots, space and require a lot of maintenance. However, wall planting is much simpler to maintain.
Vertical gardens or green walls?
Vertical gardens have many different names: vibrant green walls, living walls, and mossy walls, for example. Whatever you want to call it, these vertical structures for planted plants can be as small as a picture frame or as large as a masterpiece 60 feet wide.
Vertical gardens can be placed in hotel lobbies, large corporate headquarters, or even in a small residential backyard. Not only do vertical gardens look impressive, they also use the calming powers of nature to make you feel more comfortable.
Historic use of vertical gardens
Although the technique of vertical gardening may seem like a new concept, it has been used for many centuries in history. According to records, the walls and columns in Egyptian gardens are covered with plants, and this became the landscape culture for them, and also the architecture of the Persians, as it has huge walls made of vines and fruit trees. Moorish architecture created by Muslims in Córdoba, Spain, influenced European architecture with its high walls and enclosed gardens.
The most important example of vertical gardens in history during the reign of the second king. It ‘s Hanging Gardens of Babylon (600 BC), one of the seven wonders of the world. It is believed to have been built by Nebuchadnezzar or the Assyrian King Sanhrib. History has written that there is an ivy vine adorning the walls of gardens formed in layers in this garden.
In the 17th century; We saw climbing plants like wall ivy, roses and grapes embracing palaces, castles and garden fences.
In the 1990s, the world-famous French botanist (Patrick Blanc) invented the vertical garden system, and for the first time, the plants were kept alive in a vertical planar system, in an automated system of irrigation and fertilization in hydroponics. After these years, the concept of vertical gardening has become a starting point and a source of inspiration for innovative companies around the world.
Where can vertical garden be applied?
It can be applied in all indoor and outdoor areas. Hotel lobbies, spa centers, swimming pool walls, meeting rooms, retaining walls in residential projects, road sides, building facades, and even homes.
What types of plants are used in vertical gardens?
In vertical gardens, plants are selected according to their project from among specific plant species that have been tried for years according to the hydroponic cultivation process. Generally, it all depends on the types of packaging, distribution, and types of small pockets. It is also possible to use seasonal plants and then replace them with new ones.
Among the most important plants:
- Ferns of all kinds: This is because this type is characterized by its ability to resist moisture, adapt and spread quickly.
- Bromeliad: Due to its shallow roots, it does not need large areas of growth.
- Pots are among the plants most tolerant of low or intense lighting, periods of drought or high humidity, rich or poor soils, acidic, alkaline, or medium environments .
- Succulents: They are very tolerant of harsh conditions.
- Campanula: It is a very hardy plant that can grow in acid soils.
- Lobelia: a flowering plant that can produce the most wonderful flowers in all seasons until frost.
- Some vegetables can also be grown, such as: tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, cucumbers, garlic and onions, beans, cabbage, lettuce, green mustard, and spinach.
- As for leafy vegetables, you can grow each of: parsley, coriander, rosemary, oregano, mint, thyme, basil, lemon grass.
- Finally, aromatic herbs can be grown, such as: hyssop, aloe vera, chamomile, lavender, and medicinal calendula .
Information about maintenance methods for the vertical garden
The applied walls are visited twice a month and special nutrient solutions are added to the automatic irrigation and fertilization systems. Its shape and health are maintained by general pruning and spraying.
What are the benefits of vertical gardens?
Vertical gardens use liquid water to cool the air by converting it into water vapor. This helps reduce traffic noise and sudden changes in temperature. It also saves space. You can feel as if you are living in a jungle with stunning views added by hundreds of plants cultivated even in the narrowest areas.
Since 20-30 plants per square meter are used even on a small scale in indoor applications, the oxygen produced by hundreds of plants has an important effect on increasing indoor air quality.
VOCs (invisible toxic substances) are absorbed into the air through plant leaves.
Its contribution to biodiversity is very high. Plants grow by absorbing greenhouse gases and storing them in their tissues, and they mainly act as a carbon sponge. Not only do plant leaves remove toxic substances in the air, but they have also been shown to reduce noise in their environment through reflection, refraction, and absorption.
People have used plants and trees as barriers to reduce traffic and noise pollution in urban areas for years. Applications of vertical gardening on the exterior and interior of buildings will also fulfill a similar task.
The way we arrange plants in Vertical Garden systems is very intense. When many plants are kept in a small area, the carbon captured (absorbed and stored) in that wall of 20 square meters is roughly the same as that of a medium sized tree. That is, they provide an ample amount of oxygen to the environment.
The living wall has positive effects on physical, mental and psychological health. This is the question that is being asked about why people feel more peace, happiness and comfort in green spaces. The reason for this, according to some eye experts, is that the human eye can detect 2000 degrees of green, but only 100 degrees of red.
green color; Lightens the cool gray look of concrete, buildings, shopping malls and roads. It also helps reduce stress by creating a refreshing effect on the human body and spirit. People who work in green environments are known to be calmer, more peaceful and happier.
- The most striking economic advantage of Vertical Garden Systems is that it has the potential to increase residential and commercial property values by 20 percent.
- Help create a positive impression for real estate buyers.
- Soothing the face of modern buildings, residences and hotels.
- It adds naturalness and a warm atmosphere to these structures.
- Vertical Garden systems can replace frequently constructed retaining walls in residential projects or can be applied to existing walls at regular intervals.
- It can contribute to providing more green spaces for agricultural projects.
Studies outside show that walls covered with vertical gardens absorb UV rays and cool the building up to 10 degrees. In winter, vertical gardens act as an additional layer of insulation. While the air gap between the wall and the wall reduces the heat escaping outside, it also prevents the entry of cold.
Briefly; Vertical gardens have many positive impacts and benefits, from reducing carbon emissions to improving the air by providing oxygen to their environment.
- Vertical gardens or green walls combine bare or inert open spaces with natural vitality and provide spacious environments for space users. They also create opportunities to grow plants in any environment and location, even in narrow concrete piles. Aesthetic images can be created with live walls from roof terrace gardens to patios and traversal paths.
- Vertical garden systems add variation to the environment and create a landscape within their boundaries. Garden or patio walls, which we often prefer for privacy, can create unwanted views because they are concrete piles. While the large size living walls that decorate the walls of public spaces and buildings are professionally designed and create a sense of comfort; Small spaces can also be taken advantage of by cutting vine-covered patios or sharply pruned shrubs to form walls, or trees planted close together. There are different types, prices, colors, and shapes for vertical gardening supplies or vertical gardening tools.
- Environmentally friendly. As the vertical gardening equipment is generally produced from recycled materials.
- It provides an opportunity to grow vegetables, fruits and herbs in a small urban area.
- It can be created without taking up space in areas such as patios, patios, and porches.
- A well-designed vertical garden arrangement and maintenance can be the focal point of gardens.
- Vertical gardening is usually done using soil-tight farming systems.
Are wall gardens sustainable gardens?
Vertical gardens can enjoy a healthy life for many years thanks to robust infrastructure systems. Maintenance programs are emerging as the most important factor in this regard. This is because vertical gardens that have been living healthy for 20-25 years can be seen in professionally tended foreign examples. Although exactly 3 and a half years have passed since the first vertical garden, the first cultivated plants are still alive.
The sectors that we interact with directly are construction and afforestation.
Smart agriculture must be used to produce plants of European standards using the latest technology automation systems, and many plant varieties that can be easily produced are also imported.
Why is it important to define the main purpose of creating a mural garden?
First of all, we must define the main purpose of creating the vertical garden. It is to create an alternative green space, to hide the unwanted image, to spread the green element in a narrow area, to clean the air and to create the effect of the forest, or to take advantage of this trend that has become bringing its trademark, or on your balcony, to satisfy your longing for nature, so each project is created according to For these requests, then a closer examination of the details is carried out, from the architectural designs of the space to the choice of materials and plants, to the arrangement of the landscaping.
How to create a mural garden at home?
As mentioned earlier, vertical gardens do not need a lot of space, and they also add a beautiful and natural touch to a balcony or patio (they also have interior decorations). To create a wall garden within the house, you must know that:
Also read: Home gardens and their role in providing food, health and psychological security for the family
There are two forms of creating a mural garden:
The first is the natural form: which is represented by the cultivation of some species of climbing plants that will extend spectacularly to the wall, it just needs a pot and some wires stretched on the wall and the plant alone will start to climb and fill the wall with green leaves and flowers.
Among these plants:
- Jasmine in all its forms.
- Brownia plant.
- Bougainvillea (crazy).
- Ivy climbing plant.
- Some types of roses.
The second is the manufactured form: which is mainly based on:
The container that holds the plant: whether it is plastic bottles, metal utensils, wooden containers, cloth bags (a special type), and the pots arranged in a vertical manner. Note: When using wooden containers, they must be coated with an insulating material before planting.
Soil type: Regular soil (i.e. using traditional farming methods) cannot be placed inside wall garden pots due to its heavy weight, especially when irrigation, so it is preferable to use the soilless cultivation method (hydroponics), which is represented by using specific substrates such as: peat moss, perlite , Rock wool, with the necessary nutrient solution for each plant species.
The use of a drip irrigation system: by extending irrigation pipes to each pocket, bag or container, with a system to drain excess water. A regular irrigation system can also be used if the garden is small and indoors.
Use the correct plant type: it is not possible to grow any type of plant in wall cultivation, so it is preferable to grow certain varieties.
Among these plants:
- Fern (Moniliformopses).
- Bird’s nest fern (Asplenium nidus).
- بوتس (aureum).
- A species of succulents (Sempervivum sp).
- Dracaena or dracaena.
- In addition to the possibility of growing some crops such as tomatoes, strawberries and aromatic herbs.
Finally, you can now start by choosing the layout of your plants to your liking.
Forms of manufactured garden wall mural
Use of wooden panels
When using grouped wood panels the following should be considered:
- The clapboard used is not large or heavy (due to the large garden weight that will become after adding soil and plants). Or there is a group of small panels lined up next to each other.
- Coating the wooden board with a waterproofing material.
- Laying down a special drip irrigation network and ensuring its performance before adding substrates.
- Add substrates for the soilless cultivation technique.
- Fixing the pillars with specific covers made of polyethylene.
- After installation, the cover is cut to the size of the root of the plant (each plant separately), then plant the plant within the slit.
- Finally, the nutrient solution is added with irrigation water to irrigate the plant.
Other wall shapes
- Use plastic bottles hanging with strings on the wall.
- White wall-mounted bags to hold utensils.
- Wall-mounted metal structure where pots can be placed slanted so as not to impede plant growth and better use of space.
- Paint cans and wooden fencing cans.
- An interior with spaces for sloping pots one on top of the other (ideal for growing fragrant herbs for use in the kitchen).
- Fabric designs for hanging pots on a fence, or for wall mounting.
- Decorative structure on the facade of the building.
- Small wooden structure perfect for growing indoor herbs and aromatic plants.
- Metal tree frame with fixings for placing pots on branches.
- Furniture or decorative element with spaces for growing small plants (indoors you can grow colorful flowers or fragrant herbs).
How are vertical gardens used in European countries?
Vertical gardens are considered one of the most luxurious architectural structures, especially in European countries and all over the world; The green façade of courtyards, lobbies and building façades is still the key to adding beauty and charm to cities. Vertical gardens in nearly every country can be seen with different artwork in all types of indoor and outdoor spaces. Vertical gardens are designed and implemented with the benefit of the clean air that vertical gardens provide to their environment, the energy saving they provide by acting as insulation for buildings and the benefits of green plants on human health and spirit.
Despite reduced green spaces as well as the tall building resulting from urbanization, vertical gardens are the only protectors of nature’s sustainability despite concrete.
Why are some companies turning to the mural garden?
One of the biggest problems of the 21st century is urbanization and the rapid increase in concrete structures as a result. In recent years, urbanization has also gained momentum in our country and has led to the destruction of forests and environmental problems.
Decreases in open and green spaces have distanced nature from cities. Although the attached landscape arrangements around modern buildings have been improved, it is not possible to hear bird sounds from the noise of vehicles and buildings everywhere as before. At this point, vertical gardens are admired all over the world, and they are rapidly spreading and becoming the new green face of concrete structures.