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What is ms? Causes, symptoms and treatment

Multiple sclerosis (MS-Multiple sclerosis) .. Neurological diseases are diseases that cause disorder in one part of the nervous system, affecting the blood and spinal cord, causing damage to the membrane that surrounds nerve cells.

 

Also, this disease affects the life of the person with the disease in a negative way, as it may prevent him from carrying out his duties in an optimal way.

What is Ms-Multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis, or (Multiple sclerosis), is a disease of the central nervous system that often leads to exhaustion of the body as the immune system attacks the membrane that surrounds nerve cells and destroys them in an irreversible manner.

 This damage affects the speed of transmission of nerve impulses, and may stop them permanently. As for the symptoms of the disease, they vary according to the nerves affected by the disease and the severity of the injury. The disease may lose the person with it the ability to walk, stand or speak.

 It is difficult to diagnose the disease in its early stages due to the fact that the symptoms appear and disappear for a period that may last for months at times to return and appear after that. The age of twenty and between (40) forty, and it is more common among women than men.

Symptoms of the disease:

The symptoms of MS-Multiple sclerosis initially appear with visual or sensory and motor problems, while other symptoms appear depending on the location of the injury in the nervous system, and the symptoms are as follows:

  • Lack of feeling and feeling in the feet, meaning numbness and weakness in all or some of the limbs, and usually paralysis or weakness appears on one side of the body only, or in the lower part of the body.
  • Total or partial vision loss in both eyes or in only one, and it is clear that the symptoms in the two eyes do not appear simultaneously in both eyes together at the same time, and the symptoms in the eyes may be associated with pain in the eye when moving it, and this means optic neuritis).
  • Sensation of blurry or double vision.
  • Pain in various parts of the body and itching throughout the body.
  • Feeling or sensation of an electric shock when moving the head with certain movements.
  • The appearance of tremors on the hands, the inability to coordinate between the organs of the body, and the absence of balance when walking.
  • Constant feeling of tiredness, exhaustion, and a feeling of dizziness and lightheadedness.

These symptoms appear in most people with this disease, especially in the early stages of it, and they disappear completely or partially for a period that may last for several months and re-appear again, and these symptoms increase in severity when the body temperature rises.

Causes and risk factors for multiple sclerosis:

Causes and risk factors for multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease (utoimmune) in which the body’s autoimmune system attacks itself resulting in damage to the fatty layer (myelin) that coats the nerve fibers in the backbones and in the brain that protect them. .

As the function of this material is the same as that of the insulation coating for electrical wires, and when this layer suffers a defect, it slows down the speed of transmitting information through the nerves, or it never reaches.

And medicine is still unable to date to determine the exact causes of a person’s infection with this disease without others specifically, but there are a set of conditions, genetic factors and various contamination that a person was exposed to when he was a child, which helps to cause the disease.

What are the risk factors:

There are some factors that are likely to increase the chance and risk of developing Ms-Multiple sclerosis:

  • Age: A person may have this disease at all stages of life or at all ages, but the onset and development of the disease is generally between the age of (20) twenty years and between (40) forty years.
  • The patient’s gender: Women are much more likely to have this disease than men.
  • Genetic factors: The chance of contracting the disease increases if there are a number of members of the same family afflicted with this disease. The probability of infection in a person whose sibling or one of his parents suffers from this disease, this percentage ranges between (1% – 3%) while this percentage for ordinary people is only (1%).

However, experiments and studies involving identical twins have confirmed that genetics is not a definite cause of the disease.

  • Contamination: It is known in the medical world that viruses have a close relationship with multiple sclerosis, and the relationship of the virus (EB-epstein barr), which is the virus that causes the disease (infectious mononucleosis), which is known as the disease (kissing disease) and not It is known so far how the virus developed and the disease turned into MS.
  • Other diseases: There are some people at greater risk of developing the disease if they have the following autoimmune diseases:

 

Thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Disease complications:

In some cases, the disease may develop in some infected people to other diseases such as:

  • Muscle stiffness or stiffness, or muscle spasm (Myospasm).
  • To Paralysis of the Legs.
  • Diseases that lead to problems with the bladder bag or impaired sexual function.
  • To brain problems such as forgetfulness, depression, or difficulty concentrating.
  • It may progress to epilepsy.

Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis:

Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis

The French neurologist (Jean-Martin Charcot) is the founder of neuroscience who was a student at the hands of the world (Freud), and he was the first doctor who tried to find diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis and these criteria became known as (Trinity Charcot’s triad) The patient suffers from fibrillation, nystagmus, telegraphic speech, and changes in cognitive perceptions, and he described patients with this disease that they suffer from poor memory and that their absorption of information and ideas is very slow.

The diagnosis was based on this triad until the doctor (Schumacher) standardized the criteria for disease and included a clinical description of the case for an existing problem in the nervous system and that there are more than two areas affected by the disease in the central nervous system.

disease treatment:

disease treatment

There is still no known treatment for MS, but the treatment focuses on treating attacks and slowing the progression of the disease, and relieving symptoms so that these symptoms are mild, so treatment is not necessary, and treatment of MS is divided into three parts:

  • Part I: Medicines in this part are intended for treating acute attacks of the disease, and this is done by using intravenous steroids, Alstiroidat. They work to shorten the duration of the attack, as they reduce the activity of the autoimmune system in the body.
  • Part Two: These are drugs that reduce the biological activity of the disease, by using the drug (Antrfiron) to treat multiple sclerosis at the beginning of the disease, it may reduce the frequency of acute attacks by (30% -35%).
  • The third part: It consists of drugs that focus on treating the symptoms and complications of the disease and trying to reduce them, and here, anti-spasms and muscle relaxants, anti-depressants, as well as analgesic drugs can be used.

Treatment of multiple sclerosis with natural herbs:

 There are several recipes of herbs, including:

  • The first recipe: it is the Makki Senna drink, which cleans the body from phlegmatic mixtures and the colon from harmful wastes, and this recipe is prepared as follows:

 Put (20g) twenty grams of senna leaves in a liter of water, then add to it a small amount of ginger, nigella, and chamomile, and put the mixture on a low heat until boiling, then cool and filter, and the patient drinks from it one cup on an empty stomach, after that it is possible Increase the amount, and honey can be added to the sweetener and increase the benefit.

  • The second recipe: a mixture of patience and love of Rashad. This is done by drinking capsules containing powdered love for Rashad and patience three times a day.
  • The third recipe: The patient should take (dates) on a permanent basis because it is very useful and dates are considered one of the best herbs to strengthen the nerves.
  • The fourth recipe: a mixture of pumpkin, dandelion and honey. This mixture is a detoxifier from the body.

Special treatments:

Massage and massage therapy (i.e. physical therapy or physical therapy). In this method, the patient is taught to use some exercises to tighten and strengthen muscles, and the patient is also trained to use mobility aids.

Conclusion:

In this article, we talked about multiple sclerosis (or multiple sclerosis), where we defined the disease, learned about its symptoms and the progression of the disease to other diseases, and talked about the treatment of the disease. The doctor is in the event of illness, God forbid, but this article is for the general culture that expands human perceptions and medical knowledge.

References

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