Water is one of the most important compounds necessary for all life forms on the planet, for humans, water is extremely necessary as it is used for drinking and cleaning and is used in many fields such as agriculture, industry and transportation. Therefore, water security is crucial for all human beings, even some countries In the world, it considers securing water a part of its national security. The lack of water availability leads to instability and directly affects the politics and economy of the country.
During recent decades, the climate has changed significantly, which has caused changes in rainfall patterns, temperature fluctuations, and the spread of drought and desertification in areas that were in the past broken by vegetation and had abundant water, which means a shortage of water supplies, especially in areas that are densely populated, such as major cities.
In addition to climate change, the population of the planet is increasing dramatically, which means an increase in pressure on water resources and a faster depletion of them, and in some areas, conflicts and disputes have erupted over water. Especially in poor, crowded areas.
Maintaining a permanent water supply is one of the goals pursued by many countries in the world. The term water security is highlighted, which means the sustainable provision of water to the population in a specific geographical area or in a specific country.
What is meant by water security?
Water security is the ability to sustainably supply, access and use water. And this water must be safe to drink or to use in many areas.
This requires a set of measures taken by states or organizations to provide water, in addition to improving the means of delivering, transporting, using and rationalizing water, which means the necessity of developing a general policy for water management aimed at not being wasted.
Why is water security important?
Water security is important because not all humans can do without water. It is a necessary component for people to survive. It is also used in human life in many fields such as cleaning, and it is also used in industry, agriculture and other vital and important fields.
In the following, we will explain the importance of water for humans in a number of areas:
In the health field
A person cannot live without water at all, because water enters in many vital reactions inside the human body and without water, people die quickly, and water is necessary for the cleaning process that protects the person from contracting infectious diseases, because without hygiene diseases spread widely and kill millions, do not forget Also, water is essential for sanitation.
Water is not only necessary for life, it is necessary in many important aspects of our life. Through water, we can water the plants that give us food, energy production, transportation and many other activities that contribute to maintaining human life and stability.
In the economic sphere
The lack of water or the lack of adequate water resources in a country leads to economic instability, which negatively affects investments and economic growth in this country, and life in general becomes unstable, which means that the existence of sustainable resources in water means the availability of economic stability in the world.
In the field of the environment
The lack of water leads to a deterioration in the environment, as water contributes to preserving the life of plants and trees that absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and excrete oxygen, and without these plants and trees the air becomes polluted and the global warming phenomenon increases, which necessarily leads to an increase in desertification and drought, which is reflected in a way. Direct to human life and make it worse.
Managing water resources in the correct and responsible way can reduce the damage caused by the occurrence of disasters such as climate change, air pollution and desertification, and this can also contribute to reducing the effects that water causes directly on the population. Failure to manage water properly can lead to floods. Or oil spills in water supplies, water pollution from sewage and industrial waste that can cause serious diseases and may be fatal.
In the political sphere
Political stability cannot be achieved without economic stability, and economic stability will not be achieved if water is not available in a sustainable way. In many countries, water shortages have led to political conflicts, waves of migration to neighboring countries and wars in some cases.
How can water security be provided?
Providing water security requires a comprehensive plan or approach that takes into account the risks and problems that could cause a shortage of potable water, agriculture and cleaning, and the plan must also include the integration of the work of all institutions with each other in order to achieve this goal.
Providing water security is not only the task of political leaders, scientists, or engineers, but rather it is the duty of all members of society by rationalizing water consumption and not irresponsibly discharging it, and keeping it clean for use.
In the event that water security in a specific country or geographical region is facing a real problem, then this problem must be identified and long-term plans developed in order to solve it, and all bureaucratic obstacles that lead to delaying projects for drawing and extracting water or cleaning it must be removed.
In other words, the approach to providing water security should be a collaborative approach involving all.
The following are some of the necessary and important measures that contribute to providing water security:
- Development, construction, rehabilitation or improvement of water transmission networks
- Find new sources of pure water to use when needed
- Building and rehabilitating water networks and their extraction
- Increasing the area of cultivated land in order to combat soil erosion, which contributes to the spread of desertification
- Using modern technologies and tools in order to rationalize water consumption as much as possible
- Improving and maintaining water storage methods
- Educating community members about the necessity not to consume water in large quantities
- Using new methods of securing water in the absence of potable water, for example, some countries use seawater desalination techniques to make it drinkable or irrigate crops.
- Making water security and achieving water security one of the main goals of governments, given that water security is linked to many areas.
- Close cooperation with neighboring countries in order to provide water to the people.
What are the consequences of achieving water security?
When water security is available, many positive results will be achieved, including:
Providing safe drinking water at reasonable prices to all members of society, without exception
Reducing the problems arising from climate change and its variability and associated phenomena such as desertification
Providing a sense of security among the members of society, which is positively reflected on the activity of members of society in general, which leads to improving the economy and achieving political, economic and social stability in the country.
When will water security be achieved?
Water security is achieved when there is an adequate amount of water for all individuals residing in a geographical area or country, in addition to a sustainable supply of water to replace the water consumed by individuals.
Water security also includes protecting community members from damage caused by unstable water supplies such as desertification, drought and floods.
Water security can also be pursued by implementing plans to secure water in non-traditional ways, such as desalinating sea or ocean water, drawing underground groundwater, or even waging wars in order to control water resources in other countries.