Worming in feces can be a terrifying experience. It may be terrifying if the worms are large or small, round or flat. And unfortunately, the presence of worms in human feces is very common, although it is not something often talked about.
Worms in human feces
There are many types of parasites such as worms that may find their way into your body. But how do they get into the body in the first place? Well, worms usually get into by eating contaminated water or food.
In this article, we will help you discover the causes of worms in human faeces, the other associated symptoms, and how to treat them and prevent worms from re-appearing.
What are the causes of the appearance of worms in human feces?
As we said earlier, the most common way worms come into the body is what you put in your mouth. Here’s how:
- Drinking contaminated water.
- Handling or contact with contaminated soil.
- Exposure to feces contaminated with worms, directly or indirectly (this condition particularly affects children and workers in some professions such as health care workers or maintenance of sewage pipes).
- Eating uncooked meat that comes from an infected animal (for example a cow or a lamb)
- Lack of attention to hygiene.
- Poor sanitation.
In general, avoiding or not eating raw meat and vegetables before thoroughly cooking them or washing and sterilizing them is one of the best ways to avoid infection with worms that live in the intestinal tract.
These worms have a tendency to stay in the intestine. Once a way to enter the body is found, the intestine becomes their home. They often remain silent for a very long time, and it may even take months or years before they are able to start causing any symptoms.
Symptoms of worm infection
Now that we have discussed how these worms enter the body, let’s move on to talking about their symptoms. These symptoms are not limited to their direct effects on the intestine, but include their effects on the body as a whole.
1. Unexplained weight loss
Worms survive by relying on your nutrients and nutrients. Therefore, despite eating normally, you may not be absorbing properly and utilizing energy and nutrients. This may lead to weight loss, even though you are not eating less food.
Do not hesitate to seek medical advice in the event of unexplained weight loss.
2. Unjustified change in bowel frequency
In fact, the presence of worms may interfere with the normal breakdown and absorption of food and water from the intestine.
In turn, this might change your bowel habits. You may experience constipation despite adequate hydration and a good fiber diet. There may also be liquid stools or even dysentery (stools with mucus and blood).
3. Gas discomfort
If you have recently had significant gas discomfort (beware of infection with worms).
4. Unexplained fatigue or exhaustion
As mentioned before, worms live and multiply quickly. It takes a lot of energy and nutrients for itself. This will make you feel tired with exertion, decreased activity, and want to sleep more than usual.
5. Pain in the abdomen
With some types of infections, the presence of worms causes irritation and inflammation of the intestine. This may lead to intermittent abdominal cramps or abdominal pain. Abdominal pain may also be associated with nausea in some cases.
Who are at risk of getting worms?
It has been shown that children are more likely to have these injuries due to exposure. Children love to play in playgrounds and soil. Elderly people may also be more susceptible due to a weak immune system and a parasite defense system.
According to the World Health Organization , about 10 percent of people in the developing world are infected with intestinal worms.
Are there complications that may occur due to worms in the stool?
A parasitic infestation may lead to complications. Complications are more likely to occur in the elderly and those with reduced or weakened immunity.
Be on the lookout for the following:
Anemia: worms consume your food, alter absorption, and / or cause bleeding that in time leads to the development of anemia.
Intestinal obstruction: The growth and multiplication of worms may lead to intestinal obstruction.
Pneumonia: Some parasites either pass through the lungs directly or may cause an indirect reaction that leads to pneumonia.
When should I see a doctor?
Some of these infections may be minimal if you follow a healthy diet, lifestyle and have a good immune system. But many people may have more problems and require early medical care. You need to call your doctor if you have any of these signs:
- When seeing worms in stool.
- Persistent vomiting and / or dehydration.
- Fatigue and / or weakness.
- The appearance of blood in the stool.
- Expel worms or abnormal components in the stool.
What tests might I need to do?
A number of tests can be done to determine which parasite is responsible for the symptoms. Do not hesitate to contact your doctor when in doubt, especially if you have traveled recently.
Here are a number of tests that can be done:
- Routine and microscopic examination of a stool sample to look for parasites or eggs.
- The “Scotch tape” test that is used to retrieve pinworms or their eggs from around the anal area. The tape is viewed under a microscope for direct examination of the parasite.
- Checking blood samples for some suspected parasites.
- Several imaging studies, from plain X-rays to more detailed imaging, according to the extent of the infection.
How is infection with intestinal worms prevented?
This sounds better than experiencing the hassle of the disease and its treatment. Avoid infection by adopting a healthy lifestyle and proper hand washing before and after using the toilet.
General health measures are sufficient enough to protect you from infection.
With regard to food consumption, you must consume clean food for protection.
Avoid eating raw food, properly cooking and / or freezing your food. You should also wash or peel fruits and vegetables well before eating them. This helps protect you and your loved ones from unnecessary infection.
How are worms in feces treated?
There are many medications that are used to treat intestinal parasites.
- Praziquantel is a drug used to treat flatworms, for example. Tapeworm .
- Albendazole and mebendazole are used to treat worms including pinworm, hookworm and ascariasis.
Having worms in a person’s faeces can be a scary thing, however, it is not a cause for panic. Because understanding the danger signs and when you should see a doctor can be the best options because the presence of worms in the stool is a treatable condition.