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Your comprehensive guide to muscle tension, diagnosis and how to treat it



A cramp is a sudden and involuntary contraction of the muscles, so if you wake up at night or suddenly stop walking as a result of muscle stiffness that causes severe pain, there is a learning that a muscle strain that affects the muscles causes severe pain, although the muscle tension is not harmful. General, but it may make it impossible to temporarily use the affected muscle.


Exercising or exercising strenuous and arduous work for long periods of time for muscle cramps, especially in periods of extremely hot weather, and certain medicines and medical conditions may cause muscle strain, and it is possible to treat muscle tension at home by taking some self-remedial measures.

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Muscle cramps are sudden and involuntary contractions that affect muscles in various parts of the body, and often accompanied by very severe pain, and may affect various muscles around the body:

  • The hind parts of the leg.
  • The back of the groin area.
  • Abdominal wall.
  • Al-Handan area.
  • Foot area.

In most cases, the pain associated with a muscle cramp extends for a period of time that may amount to seconds and extends to a full quarter of an hour, but in some cases the pain may extend for a longer period of time and the muscle tension is accompanied by a swelling of the muscle tissue that is placed under the skin.

Causes leading to muscle strain

Muscle cramps may occur as a result of many different reasons, and some reasons may be due to lifestyle, and some of them may occur as a result of some medical conditions, and among these reasons:

  • Exhaustion of the muscles of the body, in most cases muscle cramping may occur as a result of doing vigorous exercises, especially if you do not prepare the muscles well before starting to exercise.
  • Dehydration, when you are dehydrated, the levels of minerals in the body begin to decrease, as minerals are important for the normal and regular functioning of the muscles, especially calcium, potassium, sodium, and magnesium.
  • Pressure and injury to the spinal nerve, as it can cause muscle tension in the leg area when standing or walking.
  • Consuming large and abundant amounts of alcohol.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Hypothyroidism.

In some other cases, the causes that lead to a muscle cramp are unknown and not recognized.

How to diagnose cramping

At the beginning of a muscle strain, it is harmless and not dangerous, however when exposure to muscle tension and the length of the period of cramping and not benefiting from stretching exercises, or in the event of exposure to tightening significantly and for long periods of time must be reviewed by a specialist doctor, where it may be the tension As a result of a medical condition.

When visiting the doctor, he asks some questions in order to understand the type of spasm that afflicts you, the frequency at which it occurs, the causes leading to it, and the lifestyle that you follow.

After that, the doctor directs the patient to take blood tests to check the level of minerals in the body, in addition to checking the functions of the kidneys and thyroid glands in the body.

In addition to all this, the doctor performs an electromyography of the body’s muscles, as it measures muscle activity and makes sure that there is no muscle abnormality, as myelography is one of the options that helps to ensure that there is no abnormality in the spinal material that is located in the spinal canal of the spine. .

It is very important that you inform the doctor if you suffer from loss of feeling or pain and some numbness in certain areas of the body, as these may be signs of a disorder in the nerve or in the muscles.

Options to help treat the problem of muscle cramps

There are many immediate options that help cope with the pain associated with a cramp, including:

  • Apply pressure with a hot cloth on the affected area.
  • Apply pressure on the affected area with a cold or ice cloth by wrapping it with a piece of cloth.
  • Stretching the affected muscles, if the pain is in the foot area, we pull the foot, which helps to extend the muscles and relieve the pain associated with the strain.
  • If you have tried all the previous steps and did not benefit and your pain continues, it is necessary to take some anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, which works to relax muscles and permanently get rid of the tension.
  • In the event of a large and frequent muscle strain, and in the event that the tension is caused by a health condition and conditions, it is necessary to consult a specialist who will help you treat the problem by prescribing some supplements and drugs that reduce muscle tension, especially during sleep periods.
  • Have a blood test and take supplements that help adjust and raise mineral levels in the body, including calcium and potassium


  1. Muscle cramps: causes and treatment – WebMed.
  2. Causes of cramping in the leg during sleep
  3. Muscle strain – Wikipedia.




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